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شعر هائی از پرتو نادری با ترجمه انگلیسی

 

partaw_naderi

پرتو نادری

Partaw Naderi

 

Poems translated

by

Sarah Maguire

and

Yama Yari

 

the Poetry Translation Centre

 

                                      

 

                

 

    Introduction

 

Born in 1952 in Badakhashan province a region bordering present-day Tajikistan, Partaw Naderi is widely regarded as one of the foremost modernist posts of Afghanistan. Like many of his educated, Dari – speaking compatriots, he is steeped in classical Persian literature and the depth of this knowledge has had a marked impact on his poetry, notably his mastery of free verse, which remains comparatively unusual in contemporary Afghan poetry .Partaw has argued  that it is this familiarity with classical poetry and his meters’ that has allowed him to risk writing free verse; and his metrical control, and the music of his poetry, is both daring and highly effective .

Outside observers of present-day Afghanistan, one of the most war-ravaged places on earth that is on the brink of becoming a failed state can have little awareness of the country’s extraordinary cultural heritage, since so little has been left intact. Universities, libraries, bookshops, publishers, magazines have all been systematically destroyed. Until the advent of internet (to which very few Afghans have access since most remain without electricity)it was virtually impossible to read contemporary poetry – or indeed any poetry ; for years, books could only be published and bought in Iran and Pakistan  .Yet situated at the heart of the ancient silk Road, Afghanistan is the place where, over centuries, major civilizations met, exchanged ideas and flourished. The most famous poet in America’ (according to the BBC World Service) Mawlana Jalal-ad-Din Mohammad Rumi, was born in Balkh, and it is Rumi who has had the most profound influence on Partaw‘s development as a poet.

      It is unsurprising that partaw’s life has partaken of the tragic events that have waylaid his country. His promising career as a poet was cut short when he was arrested and imprisoned in the notorious pul-e-Charkhi prison outside Kabul by the soviet-backed regime in 1975. Undeterred, he used his three years of imprisonment to read and write as much as he was able, and he emerged with a deepened sense of the significance of poetry, especially during times of extreme conflict. Apart from a few years during the worst excesses of the Taliban regime when he was forced to seek refuge in Pakistan, Partaw doggedly remained in his country and he continues , today, to play an active part, especially online, in stimulating his people to strengthen their culture against all odds. As he writes in The Mirror; this determination to fight for his culture is hard won: ‘l come from the unending conflicts of wisdom / I have grasped the meaning of nothingness.

         Those of us lucky enough to live in comfort in the west can often think that poetry is irrelevant and pointless, a minority pursuit for the educated elite. Yet in many part of the world, including Afghanistan, poetry is the most important art form. Safe and cocooned in luxury, we forget how vital and essential the right to joy can be, how the first move of repressive regimes is to shut down its poets. Partaw once likened a poem to a spectrum formed by white light hitting a prism; the task of the poet being to fuse all the colours of the rainbow into a pure beam of light. Out of the darkness that is present-day Afghanistan, I hope that this small sample of Partaw’s poems will reveal the precision and power of his imagery, and the clarity and startling colours of his prismatic poems.

 

Sarah Maguire

 

The Mirror

 

I have spent a lifetime in the mirrors of exile

busy absorbing my reflection

Listen —

I come from the unending conflicts of wisdom

I have grasped the meaning of nothingness

 

Kabul

۱۹۸۹

 

آیینه

 

عمری ست در آیینه های غربت

سرگرم تماشای خویشم

های،

من از معرکه های دور معرفت م آیم

من مفهوم هیچ را دریافته ام

 

بهار ۱۳۶۸

شهر کابل

Lucky Men

 

When your star is unseen in this desolate sky,

your despair itself becomes a star.

My twin, the steadfast sun, and I

both grasp its far-flung brilliance.

 

* * * *

 

In a land where water is locked up

in the very depths of desiccated rocks,

the trees are ashamed of their wizened fruits.

 

The honest orchard is laid waste —

such a bloodied carpet

is spread before the future.

 

* * * *

 

Yesterday, leaning on my cane,

I returned from the trees’ cremation.

 

Today, I search the ashes

for my lost, homeless phoenix.

 

Perhaps it was you who shadowed me,

perhaps it was only my shadow.

 

Even though the lucky men in my land

lack stars in the heavens, lack shadows on the earth

 

they welcome any stars

that grace their devastated sky.

 

O, my friend, my only friend,

turn your anguish into constellations!

 

Peshawar City

November, 2002

مردان خوشبخت

 

وقتی ستاره ات در این آسمان تنگ نمی تابد

دلتنگی تو خود ستاره ییست

که مفهوم بلند روشنایی اش را

من  می دانم

               و همزاد جاودانه ء من  خورشید

 

                 *

درسر زمینی که آب را

در عمق  صخره های تشنه گی زندانی کرده اند

درختان ، شرمسار  میوه های  بی  آبی خودند

و باغ صمیمیت سبزش را

چنان  پای اندازخون آلودی

گسترده  در رهگذارحادثه هایی که شاید

هنوز پای در رکاب نکرده اند 

                    *

 دیروز با عصای نا توانی خویش

از مراسم فاتحه خوانی  درختان بر می گشتم

و امروز در گورستان خاکستر

                                   ققنوس  بی سر پناهی خود را  جستجو  می کنم

شاید آن کی  به دنبال من می آمد

                                       تو بودی

شاید سایه ء من بود

هر چند مردان خوشبخت در سرزمین من

ستاره یی در آسمان 

                        و سایه ء در زمین ندارند

مردان خوشبخت

در آسمان دلتنگی خویش

با ستاره های هم آغوش می شوند

                                        که نام دیگر شان فریاد است

 

های !

ای  یار ای  یگانه ترین یار

دلتنگیت  را آسمانی برافراز

 

شهر پشاور

نوامبر ۲۰۰۲

Star Rise

 

I am the twin of light

I know the history of the sun

 

Stars

rise from the blisters on my hands

 

Kabul

February, 1994

 

طلوع آبله

 

من همزاد روشنایی ام

از تاریخ آفتاب خبر دارم

ستاره گان

آز آبلهء دستان من طلوع کرده اند

 

شهر کابل

حوت ۱۳۷۳ خورشید

Relative

 

I know the language of the mirror —

 

its perplexities and mine

spring from one race

 

our roots can be traced

to the ancient tribe of truth

 

Kabul

February, 1994

 

خویشاوند

 

من زبان آیینه را می فهمم

حیرت من و حیرت آیینه

از یک نژا اند

و ریشه در قبیلهء دور حقیقت دارند

 

شهر کابل

حوت ۱۳۷۳ خورشید

The Bloody Epitaph

 

This palm tree has no hope of spring

This palm tree blossoms

with a hundred wounds

— the daily wounds of a thousand tragedies

— the nightly wounds of a thousand calamities

This palm tree is a bloody epitaph

at the crossroads of the century

 

*

 

Here, by the river,

  • a river of blood and tears —

the roots of this palm tree

are congealed with disaster

are knotted with the blind roots of time

 

*

 

Here, the sky

unwinds its bloody cloth

from barren red clouds

to shroud the shattered lid of a coffin

  • a broken mirror of rain

This palm tree has no hope of spring

 

*

This palm tree has no hope of spring

This palm tree is starred

with a hundred bruises

from the whip of the north wind

My palm!

My only tree!

My spring!

Many years have passed

since the bird of blossoms

flew away from your desiccated branches

 

Butterflies abandon you

My heart is broken

 

Kabul

November, 1989

 

کتیبهءخونین

 

این نخل را هوای  بهاران نمانده است

این نخل را تمامی اندام

بشگفته ازشگوفته ء صد زخم

                        – زخم هزار فاجعه  در روز-

                                  – زخم هزاران حادثه درشب –

خونین کتیبه ییست

در چارسوی قرن

 

این جا کنار رود

                – رودی  ز اشک و خون –

این نخل ریشه  هاش

                 در انجماد فاجعه

                                  در انجماد خون     

با ریشه های کور زمان می خورد گره

 

این جا که آسمان

از ابر های  سرخ سترون

افگنده این قطیفهء  خونین

بر سینهء شکسته ء تابوت

                                   – تابوت آبگینهء باران –

این نخل را هوای بهاران نمانده است

 

این نخل  را هوای بهاران نمانده است

این نخل تمامی اندام

شلاق باد های شب ازدشت های قطب

                                              صد جا شکسته است

ای نخل من !

               یگانهء من !

                                    ای بهار من !

بس سالها گذشت

مرغ شگوفه ها

ازشاخه های  زرد تو پرواز کرده اند

 

ای خاک بر سرم

پروانه گان زدور و برت کوچ می کنند

 

شهر کابل

قوس ۱۳۶۸

Earth

 

The earth opens her warm arms

to embrace me

The earth is my mother

She understands the sorrow

of my wandering

 

My wandering

is an old crow

that conquers

the very top of an aspen

a thousand times a day

 

Perhaps life is a crow

that each dawn

dips its blackened beak

in the holy well of the sun

 

Perhaps life is a crow

that takes flight with Satan’s wings

 

Perhaps life is Satan himself

awakening a wicked man to murder

 

Perhaps life is the grief-stricken earth

who has opened up her bloodied arms to me

 

And here I give thanks

on the brink of ‘victory’

 

Peshawar City

July, 2002

 

زمین

 

زمین آغوش گرم خویش را

به روی من گشوده است

زمین مادر من است

اندوه سرگردانی مرا می فهمد

سرگردانی من کلاغ پیریست

که شاخه های بلند سپیدار هیچ را

روزی هزار بار فتح کرده است

 

زنده گی شاید کلاغیست

که هر بامداد

منقار سیاه خویش را

در زمزم مقدس آفتاب می شوید

زنده گی شاید کلاغیست

که با بال شیطان پرواز می کند

زنده گی شاید خود شیطانیست

که معاویه را از خواب بیدار کرده است

زنده گی شاید

زمین زخم خوردهء غمناکیست

که آغوش خونینش را به روی من گشوده است

و من

در چند قدمی پیروزی بزرگ خویش

نماز شکرانه می گذارم

 

جولای دو هزار و دو

شهر پشاور


I Still Have Time

 

It’s well past midnight

I should get up to pray

The mirrors of my honesty

have long been filmed with dust

 

I should get up

I still have time

My hands can yet discern

a jug of water from a jug of wine

 

as time’s wheeled chariot

hurtles down the slope of my life

 

Perhaps tomorrow

the poisonous arrows aimed at me

will hunt down my eyes

two speckled birds startled into flight

 

Perhaps tomorrow

my children

will grow old

awaiting my return

 

Peshawar City

August, 2000

 

هنوز فرصتی دارم

 

 
شب  از نیمه گذشته است

باید بر خیزم  و نمازی ادا کنم

روزگاریست  که آیینه  های خلوص من

                                              غبار گرفته است

 

باید بر خیزم

هنوز فرصتی دارم

هنوز  دستانم کوزه ء شراب  را تا کوزه آب  می شناسد

و لحظه ها  با گردونه ء شتابناکی

در سراشیب هستی من  می تازند

 شاید فردا

تیر های زهر آگینی  که برای من آماده شده است

کبوتران ابلق  چشمانم را

در نخستین لحظه های پرواز

                                   شکار کند

 

شاید فردا

کودکانم  در انتظار برگشت من

                                            پیر شوند

 

اگست  دوهزار

شهرپشاور

 

Desolation

 

In the lines on your palms

they have written the fate of the sun

 

Arise,

lift up your hand —

 

the long night is stifling me

 

Kabul

June, 1994

 

دلتنگی

 

بر خطوط قرمز دستانت

سرنوشت آفتاب را نوشته اند

بر خیز و دستی بر افشان

که حضور شب نفسم را تنگ ساخته است

 

شهر کابل

تابستان ۱۳۷۴

My Voice

 

I come from a distant land

with a foreign knapsack on my back

with a silenced song on my lips

 

As I travelled down the river of my life

I saw my voice

(like Jonah)

swallowed by a whale

 

And my very life lived in my voice

 

Kabul

December, 1989

 

صدا

 

من از سرزمین غریب می آیم

با کوله بار بیگانه گیم بر دوش

و سرود خاموشیم بر لب

من یونس صدایم را

آن گاه که از رود بار حادثه می گذشتم

دیدم،

   در کام نهنگی فرو رفت

و تمام هستی من  در صدایم بود

 

زمستان ۱۳۶۷

شهر کابل

Beauty

 

Your voice is like a girl

from the farthest green village

 

whose tall and graceful frame

is known to the pine trees on the mountains

 

Your voice is like a girl

who, at dusk,

 

will bathe in the clear springs of heaven

beneath the parasol of the moon

 

who, at dawn,

bears home a jar of pure light

 

who will drink sip by sip

from the river of the sun

 

Your voice is like a girl

from the farthest green village

 

who wears an anklet

forged from the songs of a brook

 

who wears an earring

spun from the whispering rain

 

who wears a necklace

woven from the silk of a waterfall

 

all of which grace the garden of the sun

with their many-coloured blossoms of love —

 

and you

are as beautiful as your voice

 

Kabul

۱۹۹۴

 

زیبایی

 

صدایت به دختری می ماند

در سبز ترین دهکدهء دور

که آزادی قامتش را

 تنها کاجهای بلند کوه می دانند

 

صدایت به دختری می ماند

که شامگاهان

در زیر چتر ماه

در شفافترین چشمهء بهشت

آب تنی می کند

و بامدان از دریچه های فلق

کوزهء از نور خلوص به خانه می آورد

و از زمزم آفتاب جرعه جرعه می نوشد

 

صدایت به دختری می ماند

در سبز ترین دهکدهء دور

که از ترانهء جویبار

پای زیبی به پا می کند

و از نجوای باران گوشواره یی در گوش

 

و از رشتهء آبشار

 گلوبندی بر گردن

تا گلخانهء خورشید را

با رنگینترین گلهای عشق بیاراید

و تو به اندازهء صدای خویش زیبایی

 

خزان ۱۳۷۳

شهر کابل

On a Colourful Morning

 

I kissed her —

her whole body shivered

Like a branch of almond blossom in the wind

Like the moon, like a star

trembling on the water

I kissed her —

her whole body shivered

Her cheeks showed one colour

her gaze revealed another

And the sun rose from her tender heart

And the thousand-and-one nights of waiting

ended

And on a colourful morning

I shared a bed

with the meaning of love

 

July 2002,

Peshawar City

 

در یک بادمداد رنگین

 

بوسیدمش

تمام اندامش لرزید

چنان شاخهء پرشگوفه ء بادام در باد

چون ماه چون ستاره

که می لرزد در آب



بو سیدمش

تمام اندامش لرزید

گونه هایش رنگ دیگر یافتند

نگاهایش رنگ دیگر یافتند

و آفتاب ار گریبان مهربانی او طلوع کرد

و هزار و یک شب انتظار پایان یافت

و من دریک بامداد رنگین

با حقیقت عشق همخوابه می شدم

جولای دوهزار و دو

شهر پشاور

 

Original poems © Partaw Naderi

 

Translations © Sarah Maguire and Yama Yari

 

 

 

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